Stone age jottings the seeds of written communication

Posted on Feb 27, 2011 in ancient symbols, history, parallels


It is not uncommon for letters, pictographs and symbols to have deep hidden meanings—even magical power, for cultures around the world have rich histories and stories connected to symbols, letters and written words. Other countries and cultures too have symbols and writing systems that were multi-dimensional, that is, their writing systems in application could not only be read as words and every day messages or chronicles, but also could convey that meanings that were profound, sacred or even used as divination. 
Below I am sharing an informational graphic on stone age jottings published at NewScientist. As we wonder about how baybayin writing system came about I think it is interesting to look at the symbols marked in stone and found in sites around the world and wonder how communication via symbols began in human history.
The chart below focuses primarily on the French caves prehistoric rock art 26 symbols but also gives us a glimpse of symbols found around the world.
(Source: New Scientist, Genevieve VonPetsinber, Andre Leroi-Courhan, David Lewis-Williams, Natalie Franklin)

 

“French caves are known for their prehistoric rock art. But also marked on the walls around the paintings are 26 symbols that have appeared again and again at Fren sites across 25,000 years of prehistory. Early signs suggest that many of these symbols crop up in other parts of the world too, leading some to wonder if symbolic communication arose with early humans.”—NewScientist


Genevieve von Petzinger, then a student at the University of Victoria in British Columbia, Canada, [found] and brought together all the records of the markings, found alongside the French cave paintings, to compare them. Under the supervision of April Nowell, also at the University of Victoria, she devised an ambitious masters project whereby she compiled a comprehensive database of all recorded cave signs from 146 sites in France, covering 25,000 years of prehistory from 35,000 to 10,000 years ago.

What emerged was startling: 26 signs, all drawn in the same style, appeared again and again at numerous sites. Admittedly, some of the symbols are pretty basic, like straight lines, circles and triangles, but the fact that many of the more complex designs also appeared in several places hinted to von Petzinger and Nowell that they were meaningful – perhaps even the seeds of written communication. [The writing on the cave wall, Kate Ravilious, New Scientist]


Upon further study and examination of their findings,  Petzinger and Nowell found that:

 

 

our ancestors were indeed considering how to represent ideas symbolically rather than realistically, eventually leading to the abstract symbols that were the basis of the original study. 

 

“It was a way of communicating information in a concise way,” says Nowell. “For example, the mammoth tusks may have simply represented a mammoth, or a mammoth hunt, or something that has nothing to do with a literal interpretation of mammoths.” Other common forms of synecdoche include two concentric circles or triangles (used as eyes in horse and bison paintings), ibex horns and the hump of a mammoth. The claviform figure – which looks somewhat like a numeral 1 – may even be a stylised form of the female figure, she says.

The real clincher came with the observation that certain signs appear repeatedly in pairs. 



Negative hands and dots tend to be one of the most frequent pairings, for example, especially during a warm climate period known as the Gravettian (28,000 to 22,000 years ago). One site called Les Trois-Frères in the French Pyrenees, even shows four sign types grouped together: negative hands, dots, finger fluting and thumb stencils (a rare subcategory of the negative hands).

Grouping is typically seen in early pictographic languages – the combined symbols representing a new concept – and the researchers suspect that prehistoric Europeans had established a similar system. “The consistency of the pairings indicate that they could really have had a meaning,” says Nowell.

 

“We are perhaps seeing the first glimpses of a rudimentary language system.”


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